Do You Make These Simple Mistakes In Overweight And Obesity?

Overweight and obesity

Overweight is an excess of weight causes by an accumulation of body fat that can harm your health. A person considers being overweight if their body mass index (BMI) is equal to or greater than 25. Overweight and Obesity is what we are going to discuss below.

Obesity:-

Obesity is also an excess of weight causes by an accumulation of body fat that can harm health, but only a person consider obese when their body mass index is equal to or greater than 30.

So in this article, we are going to talk all about Overweight And Obesity and how they affect our health.

OverweightObesity
DefinitionOverweight is an excess of body weight higher than what is considered healthy for a person in relation to their age, height and sex, defined by a body mass index equal to or greater than 25.Obesity is when a person is overweight due to an accumulation of body fat, which can impair health, defined by a mass index equal to or greater than 30
Body mass indexFrom 25 to 29.9.Greater than 30
CausesConsumption of foods high in calories and low nutritional value.
Sedentary lifestyle
Bad sleeping habits
Genetic predisposition
High consumption of foods high in calories and low nutritional value.
Metabolism and hormonal disorders.
Genetic predisposition
EffectsMobility problems and to perform physical activities.
Various types of cancer.
Depression and low self-esteem.
Type II diabetes
Coronary heart disease
Social problems and discrimination.
Depression and low self-esteem.
Various types of cancer
It can lead to death.
Treatments and preventionPerform a regular physical activity.
Maintain a balanced and nutritious diet.
Consult a specialist for proper treatment.
Perform a regular physical activity.
Maintain a balanced and nutritious diet.
Join support groups.
In severe cases, the doctor may prescribe the use of medications or a surgical intervention.
Population worldwideMore than 1.9 billion adults (in 2016, according to the World Health Organization).Around 650 million adults (in 2016, according to the World Health Organization).

What is overweight?

Overweight is an excess of body weight higher than what consider healthy for a person in relation to their age, height, and sex. In many cases, overweight is accompanied by excess body fat.

To define if a person is overweight, the body mass index or BMI is used. Generally, if an adult has a BMI between 25 and 29.9, it is consider that this person is overweight.

Although overweight may involve excess body fat, such excess is not present in all cases in which an individual has a BMI equal to or greater than 25. Overweight and Obesity is what we are going to discuss below.

Causes of overweight

Different factors may be responsible for weight gain in a person: eating habits, medical condition, hereditary factors and others contribute to an overweight picture.

The main causes of overweight are:

  • Consumption of high-calorie foods and low energy expenditure
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Bad sleeping habits
  • Genetic predisposition
  • The use of some medications.
  • Psychological and emotional problems (depression, anxiety, stress).

Consequences of overweight

The effects of overweight are reflected both physically and psychologically and emotionally, causing some health complications and self-esteem problems.

Among the main effects of overweight are:

  • Difficulty performing certain physical movements.
  • Joint problems
  • Low self-esteem and depression associated with body image.
  • Coronary heart disease
  • It can increase the risk of suffering from different types of cancer.

Treatments and overweight prevention

Maintaining good eating habits and frequent physical activity are recommended to treat and prevent overweight. Family and social support is also important, as it favors the maintenance of a healthy weight. It is important that each person be evaluated by a medical specialist before starting any weight reduction treatment.

What is obesity?

Obesity is defined as excess weight due to the accumulation of body fat that can affect a person’s health. If the BMI is equal to or greater than 30, the person is considered obese.

When a person’s BMI is between 30 and 39.9, it is considered that he or she has a moderate to serious degree of obesity. If the BMI exceeds 40 it is considered that this person has a degree of obesity between morbid and extreme.

Causes of obesity

Obesity can be caused by factors such as bad eating habits, medical condition, genetic predisposition or family and social context.

We can consider as the main causes of obesity the following:

  • Increase in the consumption of foods high in fat and carbohydrates.
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Consumption of certain medications.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Metabolism disorders
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Sleeping problems.
  • Cushing syndrome or hypercortisolism.
  • Hormonal problems such as hyperthyroidism.
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Different types of physical disability.

Consequences of obesity

Being obese can put health at risk, as well as causing psychological and social problems that affect the quality of life of people who suffer from it. Overweight and Obesity is what we are going to discuss below.

The main effects of obesity on health can be:

  • Reduced life expectancy
  • Type II diabetes disease.
  • Arthritis due to joint weight overload.
  • Coronary problems
  • Urinary incontinence

In women, gynecological problems (abnormal menstruation, infertility or polycystic ovary syndrome).

Sleep apnea (oxygen obstruction that causes sleep disorders).

Problems related to hygiene.

Among the psychological and social effects of obesity, we can mention:

  • Public transport and other services not adapted for this condition, which can also promote personal difficulties and integration and social interaction.
  • Discrimination.
  • Psychological problems such as depression and anxiety.

Treatments and obesity prevention

As with being overweight, maintaining good eating habits and performing constant physical activity are key to treating or preventing obesity. However, since obesity is a much more acute condition than being overweight, the health risk is much greater.

Being part of support groups, medication and, in severe cases, surgical procedures such as gastric bypass are necessary to improve this condition.

What is the body mass index?

The body mass index or BMI is a statistical measure that is obtain from the relationship between a person’s weight and height. This indicator is used as a reference to classify if a person is overweight or obese, also considering factors such as age and sex.

How is the BMI calculated?

To calculate the BMI, a person’s weight is divided in kilograms by the square of his height expressed in meters. For example, if a person weighs 90 kilos and measures 1.80 meters, his BMI will be 27.7:

90 kg (weight) / 1.80 m x 1.80 m (squared height) = 27.7 kg / m2.

A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered healthy for adult men and women.

In the case of children, BMI is used in conjunction with sex and age to classify whether they are overweight or obese. This is because height and the amount of body fat vary constantly during development and differ depending on sex.

BMI classification in adults

BMI Weight range 
Less than 18.5Underweight 
18.5 – 24.9  Healthy weight 
25 – 29.9 Overweight 
30 – 39.9 Obesity types I and II 
Over 40 Obesity types III and IV 

Limitations of body mass index

Even if it is a tool use to measure whether a person is overweight or obese, BMI is not enough to diagnose excess fat or health problems related to these medical conditions. It is possible that a person can have a high BMI and enjoy good health at the same time.

For example, athletes from various sports disciplines may have a high BMI, compared to someone who leads a less active life. Therefore, it is important to consider factors such as age, sex, ethnicity, muscle mass and bone mass, to determine more accurately if there are health problems related to overweight and obesity.

Treatment for Overweight And Obesity

If you are overweight or obese, you should consult your doctor to offer recommendations on how to lose weight. To improve overweight and obesity it is necessary to carry out a diet program, exercise integrated into a change of habits.

The diet must be adapted to the requirements of caloric expenditure. In order to lose weight, it is necessary to make a diet with a reduction of 500 calories on caloric expenditure. With this, the expected is an approximate loss of 1-1.5 Kg per month. The loss of between 5-10% of the initial weight is a clear benefit in terms of health.

Together with caloric restriction, exercise programs are useful to avoid the loss of muscle mass associate with weight reduction and improve overall well-being. It is recommended to perform at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity exercise (walking at a rapid pace).

This exercise can be carried out in fractions of 20 minutes. Although, in order to lose weight it is necessary to perform at least a total of 250 weekly minutes of moderate-intensity exercise.

Conclusion

Losing weight can prevent many of the complications associated with obesity. Otherwise, complications such as menstrual disorders, infertility in women, diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gallstones, increased daytime sleepiness, depression and lack of self-esteem, as well as self-esteem may occur. various types of cancer (endometrium, gallbladder, kidney, liver, colon, thyroid, ovary, breast and leukemia), all of them are preventable if we lose weight.

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