What is Coronavirus?
Everything you need to know about Coronavirus
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Coronaviruses is a group of viruses that can cause general illnesses such as the common cold, fever, and even could lead to breathing problems. Some common human Coronaviruses types are 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1.
These viruses are widespread among animals and now affecting humans as well. There are rare cases where Coronaviruses spread from animals to humans.
Coronavirus mainly attacks to the people during the months of winter and early spring. However, during other months as well, it can be spread. At least once in a lifetime, people come in contact with these viruses, although young people can suffer more than one type of Coronavirus infection.
Other human Coronaviruses
Two other human coronaviruses, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV), are the most common type of Coronavirus that frequently occurs among people. Symptoms of MERS and SARS viruses contain fever, cough, body pain, and breathing problem, which might cause pneumonia as well. Studies showed that among ten patients, around 3 or 4 patients have died due to the MERS virus. However, there is no case of human death have been recorded due to SARS have been anywhere in the world since 2004.
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How many people suffered from Coronavirus?
*As per the New York Times, around 1300 people became affected from Coronavirus, and 41 deaths occurred in the 2019-nCoV virus in China.
*In the United States as well on Jan. 24, 2019, a woman in Chicago said that she is suffering from the virus. Earlier that also a man in Washington state claimed to suffer from this virus.
*In 2012, Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe said that about 858 people have died from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
*Later on, in April 2014, the first American was hospitalized for MERS in Indiana, and another case was reported in Florida.
*In early January 2020, the World Health Organization identified 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), a type of Coronavirus in China. Due to this, 300 people are attacked by the virus in China.
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How Coronavirus spread among people?
As per the research made by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are minimal cases have been identified where Coronavirus spreads from one person to another person. The primary mode of transmission of spreading and infecting is from animals to people. In the case where one person catches such a virus from one person to another is due to the following reasons:
*Through cough or sneeze due to vital particles of mouth
*Touching or shaking hands due to coming in personal contact
*Touching an object or surface with viral particles on it and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes without washing your hands, or
*Rarely through contact with feces
Symptoms of Coronaviruses
Mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses are the primary symptoms of Coronavirus. The diseases remain for a short amount of time, and patients cover their health soon. Coronavirus symptoms usually start mildly after 2-4 days after its infection. So, sometimes it is difficult to know the symptoms initially, but the doctors diagnose it by taking a sample of respiratory fluids, such as mucus from the nose or blood. However, common symptoms are:
*Runny nose and Sneezing
*A sore throat or
*A general feeling of being unwell
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How to prevent yourself from Coronavirus?
The virus can be attacked due to the common causes of spreading like cough, sneeze, or touching virally infected things. But the proper prevention and taking care of yourself can help you to prevent yourself from Coronavirus. Here are the standard recommendations you should follow to prevent transmission of viruses:
*Regular hand wash
*Covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing
*Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing
*Maintain hygiene around the home.
*However, if a person is already suffering from the Coronavirus, he/she should take care of these things.
*Rest properly and stay at home
*Avoid maintaining close contact with others.
*Covering the mouth and nose while sneezing as these are the leading cause of spreading Coronavirus.
*Maintain hygiene at home and yours as well
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Diagnosis of Coronavirus
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of Coronavirus, it is highly recommended to visit your healthcare provider. It would help if you told your healthcare provider about your recent contact with any person who is suffering from these viruses, any recent travel, or any contact with animals. Once the doctors come to know about the symptoms, the doctors try to detect the human Coronaviruses. It might include laboratory tests on respiratory specimens and serum (part of your blood).
How to cure Coronavirus?
There are no recognized treatments to cure of the Coronavirus infections. People usually recover themselves by taking care of themselves and OTC medication. Mainly, the treatment involves taking proper rest and medication.
*Rest at home.
*Drink a lot of water.
*Avoid going to smoky areas and stop smoking as well.
*A hot shower helps to get relief from a sore throat and cough.
*After consulting with the doctor, you can take ibuprofen or naproxen to get rid of pain and fever.
*Use a cool-mist vaporizer.